Calculated surprise leads to groundbreaking discovery in cognitive control research

Humans control their behavior in numerous ways, from stopping the urge pick at a scab to resisting the impulse to eat an entire box of…

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AI can detect low-glucose levels via ECG without fingerprick test

A new technology for detecting low glucose levels via ECG using a non-invasive wearable sensor, which with the latest Artificial Intelligence can detect hypoglycaemic events…

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Speech-disrupting brain disease reflects patients’ native tongue

English and Italian speakers with dementia-related language impairment experience distinct kinds of speech and reading difficulties based on features of their native languages, according to…

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How a gut infection may produce chronic symptoms

Sometimes the end of an intestinal infection is just the beginning of more misery. Of those who contract traveler’s diarrhea, for example, an unlucky few…

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Hikikomori: New definition helps identify, treat extreme social isolation

Experts in the Japanese phenomena of hikikomori say the condition of extreme social isolation is more widespread than previously acknowledged, and it deserves a clear…

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Deep learning differentiates small renal masses on multiphase CT

A deep learning method with a convolutional neural network (CNN) can support the evaluation of small solid renal masses in dynamic CT images with acceptable…

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Explaining link between emotion and addictive substance use

What drives a person to smoke cigarettes — and keeps one out of six U.S. adults addicted to tobacco use, at a cost of 480,000…

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Acidic environment could boost power of harmful pathogens

When food we’ve swallowed reaches our stomachs, it finds an acidic environment. The low pH in the stomach helps to begin digestion — and has…

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